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Gunung Lawu terletak di perbatasan Jawa Tengah dan Jawa Timur. Puncak tertinggi gunung Lawu (Puncak Argo Dumilah) berada pada ketingggian 3.265 m dpl.

Kompleks Gunung Lawu ini memiliki luas 400 KM2 dengan Kawah Candradimuka yang masih sering mengeluarkan uap air panas dan bau belerang. Terdapat dua buah Kawah tua di dekat puncak Gunung Lawu yakni Kawah Telaga Kuning and Kawah Telaga Lembung Selayur.

Banyak sekali tempat-tempat yang dikeramatkan oleh masyarakat sehingga tidak hanya anak muda, tetapi banyak orang tua yang mendaki gunung Lawu untuk berjiarah. Masyarakat Jawa percaya bahwa puncak gunung Lawu dahulunya adalah merupakan kerajaan yang pertama kali di pulau Jawa. Gunung Lawu ini sangat berarti bagi Masyarakat Jawa terutama mereka yang masih percaya dengan Dunia Gaib. Terdapat banyak tempat wisata disekitar gunung Lawu seperti Telaga Sarangan, Air Terjun Grojogan Sewu, Tawangmanu, Candi Sukuh, Sangiran, Kraton Solo.

Gunung Lawu dapat didaki lewat Cemoro Kandang (Jawa Tengah) atau Cemoro Sewu (Jawa Timur), jarak kedua tempat ini tidaklah begitu jauh.

Dari Tawangmangu kita bisa naik mobil Omprengan menuju Cemoro Sewu atau Cemoro Kandang. Apabila terlalu sore kita harus mencarter mobil dan bila tidak ada mobil kita harus berjalan kaki sekitar 9,5 Km menuju Cemoro Kandang atau 10 Km menuju Cemoro Sewu. Mobil terakhir omprengan biasanya sekitar pukul 17.00, namun bila sedang ramai kadangkala jam 19.00 masih ada mobil omprengan.

JALUR CEMORO KANDANG

Di Pos Cemoro Kandang terdapat MCK, mushola, dan sebuah ruangan kecil untuk beristirahat. Terdapat sebuah aula terbuka yang dapat digunakan untuk mengadakan acara-acara bersama. Di depan Pos ini juga banyak terdapat warung-warung makanan dan minuman. Pos Cemoro Kandang ini dikelola oleh Kelompok Pecinta Alam yang tergabung dalam wadah Anak Gunung Lawu. Sedangkan Pos Cemoro Sewu dikelola oleh kelompok Pecinta Alam yang tergabung dalam Paguyuban Giri Lawu.

Jalur Cemoro Kandang jaraknya sedikit lebih jauh dibandingkan dengan jalur Cemoro Sewu, namun jalur ini agak landai sehingga dapat dilalui pejiarah dengan menggunakan kuda yang disewa dari Tawangmangu. Jalur Cemoro Kandang juga dapat digunakan untuk melakukan petualangan Sepeda Gunung. Pos-pos di sepanjang jalur ini berupa bangunan beratap yang sudah rusak, kecuali di Pos 1 dan Pos 2 dalam kondisi masih utuh dan pada hari-hari tertentu digunakan untuk berjualan makanan. Jalur ini didominasi tanah merah, sehingga pada saat turun hujan atau sesudah turun hujan jalur sangat licin.

Dari Cemoro Kandang menuju Pos 1 (Taman Sari Bawah) jalur agak landai, selama perjalanan bila cuaca cerah tak berawan pendaki akan dapat menyaksikan puncak Cokro Suryo. Sebelum mencapai Pos 1 terdapat jalan setapak yang menuju ke Air Terjun. Di jalur ini seringkali bau belerang sudah mulai tercium. Pos 1 terdapat bangunan yang dapat melindungi pendaki dari hujan dan terpaan angin kencang. Pada hari Kamis - Minggu biasanya terdapat pedagang makanan yang menempati Pos ini.

Menuju Pos 2 (Taman Sari Atas) jalur sedikit lebih curam dibandingkan dengan jalur Pos 1. Nampak Kawah Condrodimuko tak henti-hentinya menyemburkan asap dan bau belerang. Kawah ini diapit oleh dua buah gunung, yakni puncak Cokro Suryo dan puncak Gunung Lawu lainnya yang nampak begitu jelas di sepanjang Jalur. Mulai dari Jalur 2 ini hingga menuju puncak banyak ditumbuhi bunga Edelweis. Pada musim pendakian dan pada hari-hari besar Jawa seperti Suro, Mulud, dll. dimana banyak orang melakukan jiarah-jiarah di tempat kramat, di Pos 2 ini seringkali ramai terdapat pedagang makanan.

Dari Pos 2 Menuju Pos 3 kita akan melewati sebuah sungai kecil dan sebuah Sumber Air. Perjalanan dilanjutkan dengan menyusuri Tebing batu yang sangat indah di sisi kanan sedangkan sisi kiri berupa jurang. Jalur ini sempit menyusuri lereng yang melingkari puncak Cokro Suryo, dengan sisi Jurang Pangarip-arip yang sangat dalam. Jalur ini selain menyusuri jurang juga rawan longsor, bila turun hujan sangat licin dan dalam cuaca berkabut pendaki harus ekstra hati-hati karena jalur sering tidak kelihatan. Bangunan Pos 3 sudah rusak namun masih dapat digunakan untuk berlindung dari hujan dan angin.

Meninggalkan Pos 3 kita akan melewati salah satu tempat yang dikeramatkan masyarakat yakni sebuah sumber air yang bernama Sendang Panguripan. Sendang ini bentuknya mirip sebuah sumur dengan air yang jernih dan dingin. Pada hari-hari tertentu tempat ini sering dikunjungi para pejiarah, bunga dan sesajen lainnya sering kita jumpai di tempat ini.

Menuju Pos 4 Jalur meliuk-liuk menyusuri lereng terjal, terdapat jalan pintas yang sangat terjal dan licin bila hujan turun. Bunga Edelweis tumbuh banyak sekali dilereng-lereng sepanjang jalur ini, bermunculan diantara pohon-pohon sisa-sisa kebakaran hutan.

 

Dari Pos 4 Menuju Pos 5 Jalur bervariasi agak mendatar, sedikit menurun, sedikit mendaki, pemandangan sangat indah akan kita saksikan di sepanjang jalur ini. Jalur berliku-liku, batuan berserakan, padang rumput, padang edelweis, batang-batang kering sisa-sisa kebakaran hutan, seolah-olah kita berada di suatu taman yang sangat aneh seperti dalam dunia komik. Beberapa puncak-puncak nampak bermunculan, puncak Cokro Suryo kelihatan begitu runcing dan sangat tegar.

Dari Pos 5 pendaki dapat langsung menuju ke Puncak Hargodumilah, Puncak Hargo Puruso, atau Puncak Hargo Tulling. Bisa juga langsung berjiarah ke makam kuno di Hargo Dalem, atau Pasar Dieng/Pasar Setan. Di sepanjang jalur ini banyak tumbuh Edelweis dan padang rumput yang terdapat dilereng-lereng gunung menuju puncak-puncak gunung.

 

TEMPAT-TEMPAT KERAMAT DI GUNUNG LAWU

Nama asli gunung Lawu adalah Wukir Mahendra. Menurut legenda, gunung Lawu merupakan kerajaan pertama di pulau Jawa yang dipimpin oleh raja yang dikirim dari Khayangan karena terpana melihat keindahan alam diseputar Gn. Lawu. Sejak jaman Prabu Brawijaya V, raja Majapahit pada abad ke 15 hingga kerajaan Mataram II banyak upacara spiritual diselenggarakan di Gunung Lawu. Hingga saat ini Gunung Lawu masih mempunyai ikatan yang erat dengan Keraton Surakarta dan Keraton Yogyakarta terutama pada bulan Suro, para kerabat Keraton sering berjiarah ke tempat-tempat keramat di puncak Gn.Lawu.

Terdapat padang rumput pegunungan banjaran Festuca nubigena yang mengelilingi sebuah danau gunung di kawah tua menjelang Pos terakhir menuju puncak pada ketinggian 3.200 m dpl yang biasanya kering di musim kemarau. Konon pendaki yang mandi berendam di tempat ini, segala keinginannya dapat terkabul. Namun sebaiknya jangan coba-coba untuk mandi di puncak gunung karena airnya sangat dingin.

Rumput yang tumbuh di dasar telaga ini berwarna kuning sehingga airnya kelihatan kuning. Telaga ini diapit oleh puncak Hargo dumilah dengan puncak lainnya. Luas dasar telaga Kuning ini sekitar 4 Ha.


Foto Puncak Lawu tahun 2003

Terdapat sebuah mata air yang disebut Sendang Drajad, sumber air ini berupa sumur dengan garis tengah 2 meter dan memiliki kedalaman 2 meter. Meskipun berada di puncak gunung sumur ini airnya tidak pernah habis atau kering walaupun diambil terus menerus. Air sendang ini dipercaya dapat memberikan mujijat bagi orang yang meminumnya. Juga terdapat bangunan yang berupa bilik-bilik untuk mandi, karena para pejiarah disarankan untuk menyiram badannya dengan air sendang ini dalam hitungan ganjil.

Juga ada sebuah gua yang disebut Sumur Jolotundo menjelang puncak, gua ini gelap dan sangat curam turun ke bawah kurang lebih sedalam 5 meter. Gua ini dikeramatkan oleh masyarakat dan sering dipakai untuk bertapa. Sumur ini berupa lubang bergaris tengah sekitar 3 meter. Untuk turun ke dalam sumur harus menggunakan tali dan lampu senter karena gelap. Di dalam sumur terdapat pintu goa dengan garis tengah 90 cm. Konon di dalam sumur Jolotundho ini sering digunakan untuk bertapa, dan digunakan guru-guru untuk memberi wejangan/pelajaran kepada muridnya.


Foto Puncak Lawu tahun 2008

Terdapat sebuah bangunan di sekitar puncak Argodumilah yang disebut Hargo Dalem utuk berjiarah, disinilah tempatnya Eyang Sunan Lawu. Tempat bertahta raja terakhir Majapahit memerintah kerajaan Makhluk halus. Hargo Dalem adalah makam kuno tempak mukswa Sang Prabu Brawijaya. Pejiarah wajib melakukan pisowanan (upacara ritual) sebanyak tujuh kali untuk dapat melihat penampakan Eyang Sunan Lawu. Namun tidak jarang sebelum melakukan tujuh kali pendakian, pejiarah sudah dapat berjumpa dengan Eyang Sunan Lawu.

Di sekitar Hargo Dalem ini banyak terdapat bangunan dari seng yang dapat digunakan untuk bermalam dan berlindung dari hujan dan angin. Terdapat warung makanan dan minuman yang sangat membantu bagi pendaki dan pejiarah yang kelelahan, lapar, dan kedinginan. Inilah keunikan Gunung Lawu dengan ketinggian 3.265 mdpl, terdapat warung di dekat puncaknya.


Foto Puncak Lawu tahun 2010

Pasar Diyeng atau Pasar Setan, berupa prasasti batu yang berblok-blok, pasar ini hanya dapat dilihat secara gaib. Pasar Diyeng akan memberikan berkah bagi para pejiarah yang percaya. Bila berada ditempat ini kemudian secara tiba-tiba kita mendengar suara "mau beli apa dik?" maka segeralah membuang uang terserah dalam jumlah berapapun, lalu petiklah daun atau rumput seolah-olah kita berbelanja, maka sekonyong-konyong kita akan memperoleh kembalian uang dalam jumlah yang sangat banyak. Pasar Diyeng/Pasar Setan ini terletak di dekat Hargo Dalem.

Pawom Sewu terletak di dekat pos 5 Jalur Cemoro Sewu. Tempat ini berbentuk tatanan/susunan batu yang menyerupai candi. Dulunya digunakan bertapa para abdi Raja Parabu Brawijaya V.


Foto Puncak Lawu tahun 1930 - Photo by tropen Museum - Nederlands

Ancient Mountain

Its old name was Wukir Mahendra, some believe the top of the mountain was the first kingdom on the island, the dwellers were Gods descending from Kahyangan (heaven), upon seeing an empty beautiful place like a paradise.

It was the retreat of King Brawijaya V, the last king of Majapahit Empire in the 15th century. It has also a strong spiritual traditional relation with the rulers of Mataram Kingdom II and the Karaton (palace) of Surakarta and Yogyakarta.

In ancient Javanese mythology, Lawu is called Mahendra and legend has it that the gods who created the first kingdom in Java descended from heaven here. In later history, Lawu was the retreat of the last king of Majapahit, Brawijaya V. On the eve of the Javanese New Year, thousands of adherents of the indigenous Javanese belief--kebatinan--climb to the summit to meditate.

As in other sacred places in Java, names that dot the landscape often echo the ancient Indian epic, Mahabharata. The crater, for instance, is called Candradimuka, believed to be the place where the gods boiled Bhima's son Gatotkaca in molten metal to make him invincible. Bhima is the second of the five Pandawa brothers, who are the main protagonists in the Mahabharata.

A cave called Sigolo-golo recalls the name of the cave that the Pandawa brothers, led by the brave Bhima, escaped through when their palace apartment was burned down by their evil cousins the Kurawa.

Brawijaya V had a fascination with honest Bhima, for in the Karanganyar regency (in Central Java), on the Surakarta side of Lawu, he built two fascinating temples dedicated to him; Candi Sukuh which looks almost Mayan and Candi Cetho.

Candi Cetho was "developed" on the orders of the late president Suharto without any archaeological considerations. Irresponsible and inappropriate development is still irreversibly changing the spiritual sites of Lawu. The current building of a Javanese pendapa pavilion with marble flooring, over a sacred stone in the area near the summit called the keputren--the princesses' quarters--by a wealthy businessman, is but one example.

The shortest route to the summit of Lawu begins in the Cemara Sewu village, between the resorts of Tawangmangu and Sarangan. You can also begin from Cemara Kandang, but the trek is longer and the path is not paved. The distance between Cemara Sewu and the summit called Hargo Dumilah is 7 kilometres. The average time needed to climb to the summit is 7 to 9 hours, but if you are fit, you can do it in 4 to 5 hours. Super fit mountaineers fly up in 3 hours.

 

-->> Gunung Lawu jalur Cemoro Sewu

 

Mount Lawu, or Gunung Lawu, is a massive compound stratovolcano straddling the border between East Java and Central Java, Indonesia. The north side is deeply eroded and the eastern side contains parasitic crater lakes and parasitic cones. A fumarolic area is located on the south flank at 2,550 m. The only reported activity of Lawu took place in 1885, when rumblings and light volcanic ash falls were reported

Many mountaineers climb this mountain to adore the green scenic view, with lovely Edelweiss flowers on its top, and the challenging beauty of the dead crater, southward of the peak, locally known as Kawah Kuning (yellow crater). The highest peak is hilly plain, known as Argo Dumilah, where a "Tri-angular Pole" is erected.

The mountaineering routes to Mt. Lawu

1. From the city of Solo or Surakarta Travel to Tawangmangu, a hilly resort (1305 m high), 40 Km East of Solo. Then continue further 1,5 Km to Cemoro Kandang (Central Java) or Cemoro Sewu (East Java) (1600 M).

2. From East Java, Madiun Travel to Lake Resort Sarangan, on the east slope of the mountain and then continue to Cemoro Sewu. Mt. Lawu stands peacefully in the South border of central and East Java.

Yellow Crater Triangular Peak

From Cemoro Kandang

1. It’s 12 Km climb, normally it should take 7 hours walk.

2. There’s a registration station belonged to Forest Authority (Perhutani). Guide, supplies and information are available. For traditional stories of Mt. Lawu, Pak (Mr) Sumarsono can be contacted.

3. A climber shall walk thru dense wood, near the top, the vegetation are rare, then some specific mountain trees and bushes such as Santigi and Eidelweiss appear.

4. There are satisfactorily 5 huts (5 Pos), namely: * Pos 1 : Taman Sari Bawah (Lower Garden) (2300 M) The water of the river here contains sulphur. * Pos 2 : Taman Sari Atas (Upper Garden – 2.470 M). A fresh cool air amidst the green trees. There is an active crater, evaporating sulphur. * Pos 3 : 2760 M (Pos Penggik) Nearby a spring, by the name of Sendang Panguripan (life spring), producing a cool healthy drinking water. * Pos 4 : 3025 M This location is named Cokro Suryo, it is a large plain to enjoy the sunset and the picturesque panorama. * Pos 5 : 3150 M

5. Above these huts, there are

1. Pesanggrahan Argo Dalem (3170 M), small cottages. 2. The highest peak: Argo Dumilah

From Cemoro Sewu

1. It’s 9 Km climb, with steep stony path. 2. There are 5 huts to the top. 3. Contact Ibu (Mrs) Warno at the base camp. Guide, supplies etc are available.

The return journey to the base camp, one shall spend around 4 hours walk.

Ancient Mountain

Its old name was Wukir Mahendra, some believe the top of the mountain was the first kingdom on the island, the dwellers were Gods descending from Kahyangan (heaven), upon seeing an empty beautiful place like a paradise.

It was the retreat of King Brawijaya V, the last king of Majapahit Empire in the 15th century. It has also a strong spiritual traditional relation with the rulers of Mataram Kingdom II and the Karaton (palace) of Surakarta and Yogyakarta.

In ancient Javanese mythology, Lawu is called Mahendra and legend has it that the gods who created the first kingdom in Java descended from heaven here. In later history, Lawu was the retreat of the last king of Majapahit, Brawijaya V. On the eve of the Javanese New Year, thousands of adherents of the indigenous Javanese belief--kebatinan--climb to the summit to meditate.

As in other sacred places in Java, names that dot the landscape often echo the ancient Indian epic, Mahabharata. The crater, for instance, is called Candradimuka, believed to be the place where the gods boiled Bhima's son Gatotkaca in molten metal to make him invincible. Bhima is the second of the five Pandawa brothers, who are the main protagonists in the Mahabharata.

A cave called Sigolo-golo recalls the name of the cave that the Pandawa brothers, led by the brave Bhima, escaped through when their palace apartment was burned down by their evil cousins the Kurawa.

Brawijaya V had a fascination with honest Bhima, for in the Karanganyar regency (in Central Java), on the Surakarta side of Lawu, he built two fascinating temples dedicated to him; Candi Sukuh which looks almost Mayan and Candi Cetho.

Candi Cetho was "developed" on the orders of the late president Suharto without any archaeological considerations. Irresponsible and inappropriate development is still irreversibly changing the spiritual sites of Lawu. The current building of a Javanese pendapa pavilion with marble flooring, over a sacred stone in the area near the summit called the keputren--the princesses' quarters--by a wealthy businessman, is but one example.

The shortest route to the summit of Lawu begins in the Cemara Sewu village, between the resorts of Tawangmangu and Sarangan. You can also begin from Cemara Kandang, but the trek is longer and the path is not paved. The distance between Cemara Sewu and the summit called Hargo Dumilah is 7 kilometres. The average time needed to climb to the summit is 7 to 9 hours, but if you are fit, you can do it in 4 to 5 hours. Super fit mountaineers fly up in 3 hours.

For the first 2km or so you walk through agricultural land, where the locals plant vegetables amongst charred skeletons of trees that stand as a reminder that this area is prone to forest fires. As you go higher the vegetation changes and if you are climbing in daylight, you will begin to notice that inquisitive, orange beaked, brown birds are following you. These are Jalak Gading (Acridotheres javanicus) and are endemic to Lawu. Unlike other wild birds in Java, these guardians of Lawu are protected by the belief that whoever attempts to harm them will get lost and perish. The birds do not have the fear of humans that animals in Java have (except for city rats).

To reach the summit for sunrise, begin climbing in evening. The advantage of hiking in the night is that the sight of the dauntingly steep hills will not deflate your spirits. It is best to chose a time close to full moon in the dry season. You will enjoy the millions of stars in the sky, twinkling, falling, and shooting. There are five resting places on the way to the summit where you can light a campfire if you need to keep warm while you rest but be sure to extinguish the fire properly before you leave and remember that the best way to stay warm is to keep moving. It is dangerous to wander off the track looking for firewood.

At the fifth resting post, you will find a shack by a shallow well that has a tiny spring at the bottom of it. This is the sacred Sendang Drajat and the freezing cold water from this spring is believed to have the power to make the person who bathes in it attain high achievements in life.

Mr and Mrs Parto live in the shack and they sell food and hot drinks at very reasonable prices considering that they have to carry everything up the path that you have just climbed. Next door to their shack is a cave where you can take a nap if you do not have a tent.

Alternatively, you can walk a little further to the site called Hargo Dalem, where Brawijaya V used to meditate. Mbok Yem and her son Muis also have a warung here, and space to rest.

These two places are good places to rest because the worst is over and the summit, Hargo Dumilah is a mere 0.8km away.

Down the other way from the summit, there is a flat plain called Selo Pundutan with many Edelweiss blooms. The followers of Brawijaya V used to practice martial arts here.

If you arrive at the summit early, take time to explore the sites around it but conserve enough energy for the hike down.

Bring your litter down because the whole track is filthy with energy drink bottles and various items of plastic waste. It is in everyone's interest to make Lawu clean once more.

 

Cemara gunung adalah tumbuhan yang mendominasi kawasan gunung Lawu. Edelweis Ungu adalah bunga unik yang hanya bisa ditemukan di lereng dan sekitar puncak gunung Lawu. Burung Ciung sebesar jempol bersarang diantara cabang-cabang tanaman Edelweis. Harimau Jawa yang dianggap punah juga pernah dilihat dan diburu di hutan kawasan Gunung Lawu.

1. Bus Jur.  Solo - Tawangmangu
2. Angkot Jur.  Tawangmangu  - Cemoro Kandang / Sewu

Dari Tawangmangu bisa menyewa kuda hingga puncak Hargo dalem lewat jalur Cemoro Kandang.

  • Tawangmangu
  • Air terjun Grojogan Sewu
  • Candi Seto
  • Candi Sukuh
  • Telaga Sarangan
  • Argodalem
  • Sendang Drajad
  • Sumur Jolotundo
  • Sendang Inten
  • Sendang Panguripan
  • Pasar Dieng
  • Air Terjun Pringgodani

Gunung Lawu bersosok angker dan menyimpan misteri dengan tiga puncak utamanya : Harga Dalem, Harga Dumilah dan Harga Dumiling yang dimitoskan sebagai tempat sakral di Tanah Jawa.

Harga Dalem diyakini masyarakat setempat sebagai tempat moksa Prabu Bhrawijaya Raja Majapahit yg terakhir. Harga Dumiling diyakini sebagai tempat pamoksan Ki Sabdopalon, dan Harga Dumilah merupakan tempat yang penuh misteri yang sering dipergunakan sebagai ajang menjadi kemampuan olah batin dan meditasi.

Raja Majapahit terakir Sinuwun Bumi Nata Bhrawijaya Ingkang Jumeneng kaping V memiliki salah seorang istri yang berasal dari negeri Tiongkok bernama Putri Cempo dan memiliki putera Raden Patah, Dan bersamaan dengan pudarnya Majapahit, Jinbun Fatah mendirikan Kerajaan Islam di Glagah Wangi (Demak).

Prabu Brawijaya bersemedi dan memperoleh n wisik yang pesannya : sudah saatnya cahaya Majapahit memudar dan wahyu kedaton akan berpindah ke kerajaan yang baru tumbuh serta masuknya agama baru (Islam) memang sudah takdir dan tak bisa terelakkan lagi.

Prabu Brawijaya dengan hanya disertai abdinya yang setia Sabdopalon diam-diam meninggalkan keraton naik ke Gunung Lawu. Sebelum sampai di puncak, dia bertemu dengan dua orang umbul (bayan/ kepala dusun) yakni Dipa Menggala dan Wangsa Menggala. Sebagai abdi dalem yang setia mukti dan mati mereka  tetap bersama Raja.

Sampailah Prabu Brawijaya bersama 3 orang abdi di puncak Hargodalem. Saat itu Prabu Brawijaya sebelum muksa bertitah kepada ke tiga abdinya. Dan mengangkat Dipa Menggala menjadi penguasa gunung Lawu dan membawahi semua mahluk gaib (peri, jin dan sebangsanya) dengan wilayah ke barat hingga wilayah Merapi/Merbabu, ke Timur hingga gunung Wilis, ke selatan hingga Pantai selatan , dan ke utara sampai dengan pantai utara dengan gelar Sunan Gunung Lawu. Dan mengangkat Wangsa Menggala menjadi patihnya, dengan gelar Kyai Jalak.

Prabu Brawijaya muksa di Hargo Dalem , sedangkan Sabdo palon muksa di puncak  Harga Dumiling. Karena kesaktian dan kesempurnaan ilmunya Sunan Lawu dan Kyai Jalak kemudian menjadi mahluk gaib yang hingga kini masih setia melaksanakan tugas sesuai amanat Sang Prabu Brawijaya.

Tempat-tempat lain yang diyakini misterius oleh penduduk setempat selain tiga puncak tersebut yakni: Sendang Inten, Sendang Drajat, Sendang Panguripan, Sumur Jalatunda, Kawah Candradimuka, Repat Kepanasan /Cakrasurya, dan Pringgodani.

 
Candi Cetho ("Cetho Temple") is a fifteenth century Javanese-Hindu temple that is located on the western slope of Mount Lawu (elev. 900 m or 3,000 feet above sea level) on the border between Central and East Java provinces.

Ceto is one of several temples built on the northwest slopes of Mount Lawu in the fifteenth century. By this time, Javanese religion and art had diverged from Indian precepts that had been so influential on temples styles during the 8-10th century. This area was the last significant area of temple building in Java before the island's courts were converted to Islam in the 16th century. The temples' distinctiveness and the lack of records of Javanese ceremonies and beliefs of the era make it difficult for historians to interpret the significance of these antiquities.

Candi Sukuh is a 15th century Javanese-Hindu temple (candi) that is located on the western slope of Mount Lawu (elev. 910 m or 3,000 feet (910 m) above sea level) on the border between Central and East Java provinces.

Candi Sukuh has a distinctive thematic reliefs from other candi where life before birth and sexual education are its main theme. Its main monument is a simple pyramid structure with reliefs and statues in front of it, including three tortoises with flattened shells and a male figure grasping his penis. A giant 1.82 m (6 ft) high of lingga (phallus) with four balls, representing penile incisions, was one of the statues that has been relocated to the National Museum of Indonesia.

Sukuh is one of several temples built on the northwest slopes of Mount Lawu in the fifteenth century. By this time, Javanese religion and art had diverged from Indian precepts that had been so influential on temples styles during the 8-10th century. This area was the last significant area of temple building in Java before the island's courts were converted to Islam in the 16th century. The temples' distinctiveness and the lack of records of Javanese ceremonies and beliefs of the era make it difficult for historians to interpret the significance of these antiquities.

The founder of Candi Sukuh thought that the slope of Mount Lawe is a sacred place for worshiping the ancestors, nature spirits and the observance of the fertility cults. The monument was built around 1437, as written as a chronogram date on the western gate, meaning that the area was under the rule of the Majapahit Kingdom during its end (1293–1500).Some archaeologists believe the founder had cast the fall of Majapahit, based on the reliefs that displaying the feud between two aristrocratic houses symbolizing two internal conflicts in the kingdom.

In 1815, Sir Thomas Raffles, the ruler of Java during 1811–1816, visited the temple and he found the temple in a bad condition.In his account, there were many statues that had been thrown down on the ground and most of the figures had been decapitated. Raffles also found the giant lingga statue broken into two pieces which was then glued together. This vandalism of traditional culture (especially where sexuality is not suppressed, as in the statues) is likely to be an effect of the Islamic invasion of Java during the 16th century, based upon the identical patterns found in all other Islamic and monotheistic invasions generally.

The central main pyramid of the complex sits at the rear of the highest of three terraces. Originally, worshippers would have accessed the complex through a gateway at the western or lowest terrace. To the left of the gate is a carving of a monster eating a man, birds in a tree, and a dog, which is thought to be a chronogram representing 1437 CE, the likely date of the temple's consecration. There is an obvious depiction of sexual intercourse in a relief on the floor at the entrance where it shows a paired lingam which is represented physiologically by the (phallus) and yoni which is represented bodily by the (vagina). Genetalia are portrayed on several statues from the site which is unique among Javanese classical monuments.

The main structure of Candi Sukuh is like no other ancient edifice; a truncated truncated pyramid reminiscent of a Mayan monument and surrounded by monoliths and meticulously carved life-sized figures. A stone stairway rises through the front side of the pyramid to its summit. It is not known what the monument's unique shape was intended to symbolise. One theory is that it represents a mountain, however, why it replaced pre-existing forms of ancient Javanese temple design. There is no evidence that the main building supported a wooden structure. The only object recovered from its summit was a 1.82 metre lingga statue bearing an inscription and is now in the National Museum of Indonesia). The statue may once have stood on the platform over the stairway. The lingga statue has a dedicated inscription carved from top to bottom representing a vein followed by a chronogram date equivalent to 1440. The inscription translates "Consecration of the Holy Ganges sudhi in ... the sign of masculinity is the essence of the world."Reliefs of a kris blade, an eight-pointed sun and a crescent moon decorate the statue.

On the wall of the main monument there is a relief portraying two men forging a weapon in a smithy with a dancing figure of Ganesha, the most important Tantric deity, having a human body and the head of an elephant. In Hindu-Java mythology, the smith is thought to possess not only the skill to alter metals, but also the key to spiritual transcendence.[5] Smiths drew their powers to forge a kris from the god of fire; and a smithy is considered as a shrine. Hindu-Javanese kingship was sometimes legitimated and empowered by the possession of a kris. A headless life-sized male figure grasping penis.

The elephant head figure with a crown in the smithy relief depicts Ganesha, the god who removes obstacles in Hinduism. The Ganesha figure, however, differs in some small respects with other usual depictions. Instead of sitting, the Ganesha figure in Candi Sukuh's relief is shown dancing and it has distinctive features including the exposed genitalia, the demonic physiognomy, the strangely awkward dancing posture, the rosary bones on its neck and holding a small animal, probably a dog. The Ganesha relief in Candi Sukuh has a similarity with the Tantric ritual found in the history of Buddhism in Tibet written by Taranatha. The Tantric ritual is associated with several figures, one of whom is described as the "King of Dogs" (Sanskrit: Kukuraja), who taught his disciples by day, and by night performed Ganacakra in a burial ground or charnel ground.

Other statues in Candi Sukuh include a life-sized male figure with his hand grasping his own penis and three flattened shells of tortoises. Two large tortoise statues guard the pyramid entrance and the third one lies at some distance in front of the monument. All of their heads point to the west and their flattened shells may provide altars for purification rituals and ancestor worship. In Hindu mythology, the tortoise symbolizes the base or support of the World and is an avatar of Vishnu, i.e. Kurma refer: Ocean of Milk.

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